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CURTISS YP-37

Posted 11/2/2009 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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Curtiss P-37
Curtiss P-37 3/4 front view (XP-37). (U.S. Air Force photo)
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In the mid-1930s, the Army Air Corps wanted a plane capable of matching the world's fastest pursuit aircraft -- British Hurricanes and Spitfires. When the Allison V-1710 inline engine became available, Curtiss designed an aircraft based on the P-36 for the new engine and guaranteed a top speed of 340 mph. The result was the XP-37, which featured two side-radiators mounted behind the engine and a cockpit well aft of the wing. The cockpit placement, which limited the pilot's forward view, combined with the poor performance of the turbo-supercharger, led to the cancellation of the project; although 13 YP-37 service test models were built around a lengthened fuselage before the project was terminated.


Type Number built/
converted
Remarks
XP-37 1 P-36 base mod. with inline V-1710
YP-37 13 Service test aircraft


TECHNICAL NOTES (XP-37):
Armament: One .30-cal. and one .50-cal. machine gun
Engine: Turbo-supercharged Allison V-1710-11 of 1,000 hp at 20,000 ft.
Maximum speed: 340 mph at 20,000 ft.
Cruising speed: 304 mph
Range: 485 miles
Service ceiling: 35,000 ft.
Span: 37 ft. 4 in.
Length: 31 ft. 0 in.
Height: 9 ft. 6 in.
Weight: 5,272 lbs. empty/6,350 lbs. gross

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