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The F-98 Falcon was the initial designation for the unpiloted interceptor missile -- GAR-1 (Guided Air Rocket). The project under the name "Dragonfly" was begun in 1947, but quantity production of the missile didn't begin until 1954.
The GAR-1 was guided by steerable vanes in the exhaust of the solid-rocket motor which powered the missile to speeds approaching Mach 2. The GAR-1D used radar guidance while the next generation missile, GAR-2A used infra-red tracking; it locked on to the target aircraft's engine exhaust.
The GAR-11 series missiles were designed to carry nuclear warheads, the first guided air-to-air missile with atomic capability.
TECHNICAL NOTES (GAR-1D):
Engine: Solid-propellent rocket
Maximum speed: Approx. Mach 2
Range: Up to 5 miles
Guidance: Radar reflection from the target aircraft (transmitted by the firing aircraft's attack radar)
Span: 20 in.
Length: 6 ft. 6 in.
Diameter: 6.4 in.
Weight: 121 lbs.
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