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Home > Fact Sheets > Boeing B-29 "Enola Gay"


Posted 6/26/2009 Printable Fact Sheet
Boeing B-29
Boeing B-29 "Enola Gay" on Tinian in the Marianas Islands. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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On July 26, 1945, the Allies issued the Potsdam Declarations calling for Japan's surrender. Two days later, the Japanese Premier announced to the Japanese press that his government would ignore the ultimatum. Based on the apparent rejection of peace efforts and the desire to avoid the need to invade Japan, President Harry Truman gave the order to employ a new weapon of mass destruction, the atomic bomb.

At 8:15 a.m. on Aug. 6, 1945, the Tinian-based B-29 Enola Gay released its single atomic bomb over Hiroshima; 50 seconds later, the weapon detonated at approximately 2,000 feet altitude devastating the target in an enormous fireball.

The Enola Gay is on display at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.

Serial number: 44-86292 (B-29-45-MO)

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