The Air Corps bought four American Aircraft & Engine Corp. Pilgrim Model 100-Bs in 1932. These aircraft were designated Y1C-24 and were initially assigned as light cargo transport and supply aircraft. The Pilgrim was similar in design to the Fairchild C-8 and was basically an enlarged version of it. During 1931, the Fairchild Aircraft Co. was reorganized as the American Aircraft & Engine Corp. Later on, the Fairchild name was reinstated as the parent company name.
After a short time in service, the Y1C-24s were adapted for use as aeromedical evacuation aircraft and assigned to pilot training and pursuit aircraft air fields for use as crash rescue planes. The Y1C-24 could take-off and land in a relatively short distance and could carry up to four litter patients.
The Y1C-24s remained in service into the late 1930s when they were replaced by newer air ambulance planes.
Fairchild/American Model 100-B
TECHNICAL NOTES: Engine:Wright R-1820-1 Cyclone radial of 575 hp Maximum speed: 136 mph Cruising speed: 118 mph Range: 510 miles Service ceiling: 13,600 ft. Span: 57 ft. 5 in. Length: 39 ft. 2 in.
Height: 11 ft. 6 in. Weight: 7,100 lbs. maximum gross weight
Crew: One (pilot) Passenger capacity: Nine (approximately 2,150 lbs.) Serial numbers: 32-287 to 32-290