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Posted 11/28/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
Ryan AQM-34N
DAYTON, Ohio -- Ryan AQM-34N in the Cold War Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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In the mid-1960s the U.S. Air Force needed a system to conduct reconnaissance and gather intelligence without putting aircrews in danger. Ryan's proven Model 147 Firebee unmanned target drone, built in more than 20 variants, filled the requirement. The Model 147H, designated AQM-34N by the USAF, became operational with Strategic Air Command reconnaissance units in the late 1960s.

With a wingspan three times that of the original Firebee, it could operate above 60,000 feet. The AQM-34N had a range in excess of 2,400 miles. Several electronic, maneuverability and stealth-like low observability systems were included to reduce vulnerability to interceptors and surface-to-air missiles. Between March 1967 and July 1971, 138 AQM-34N missions were launched from DC-130 aircraft and flown under preprogrammed control in and out of hostile territory. Some AQM-34Ns were lost over China and were displayed in communist propaganda photos. Almost 65 percent were recovered, many with the Mid-Air Retrieval System (MARS), a specially equipped helicopter that "snatched" the drone while in parachute descent. 

The AQM-34N on display left active service in 1973.

Maximum speed:
420 mph
Wingspan: 32 ft.
Length: 30 ft.

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