National Museum of the USAF   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > General Dynamics EF-111A Raven


Posted 4/18/2014 Printable Fact Sheet
Previous ImageNext Image
General Dynamics EF-111A
DAYTON, Ohio -- General Dynamics EF-111A Raven at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
Download HiRes

EF-111A Ravens, known affectionately as "Fat Tails" and "Spark Varks," (the F-111 is known as the Aardvark), served as tactical electronic jamming aircraft in the 1980s and 1990s. The U.S. Air Force received 42 EF-111As between 1981 and 1985, and the aircraft supported several USAF operations in the 1980s and 1990s. 

In the 1970s Grumman began modifying 42 F-111A fighters by adding jamming equipment to create the EF-111A. A 16-foot-long, canoe-shaped radome on the underside for the fuselage housed high-powered transmitter antennas, and a fin-tip pod on the vertical stabilizer housed receiving antennas and other equipment, including a processor to detect hostile radar emissions. This complex gear weighed about four tons. Because the equipment required full-time attention in flight, the right seat crewmember, or Electronic Warfare Officer, no longer performed flight-related duties but instead monitored the jamming equipment. 

In 1984 Grumman/General Dynamics Corp. began building additional modification kits for the EF-111A which enabled the aircraft to operate in three roles: standoff jamming, close in jamming and penetration/escort.

Ravens served first with the 390th Electronic Combat Squadron based at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho. Later, they were based at Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico. The U.S. Air Force retired its EF-111As in June 1998, and this aircraft was placed on display at the museum in July 1998.

Armament: None
Engines: Two Pratt & Whitney TF30-P-109 turbofans of 20,840 lbs. thrust each
Maximum speed: 1,452 mph
Range: 2,482 miles
Ceiling: 55,400 ft.
Span: 63 ft. extended; 32 ft. swept 
Length: 76.38 ft.
Height: 20.00 ft.
Weight: 87,478 lbs. (maximum takeoff)

Click here to return to the Cold War Gallery.

 Inside the Museum

ima cornerSearch

ima cornerAircraft


tabRelated Links

Museum Virtual TourMuseum Facebook PageMuseum Twitter PageMuseum Instagram
Museum Google Plus PageMuseum Pinterest PageMuseum YouTube ChannelMuseum Flickr Page
Museum PodcastsMuseum E-newsletter Sign-upMuseum RSS Feeds

Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing  
Suicide Prevention    SAPR   IG   EEO   Accessibility/Section 508   No FEAR Act