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DOUGLAS VC-118 “INDEPENDENCE”

Posted 7/14/2014 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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Douglas VC-118
DAYTON, Ohio -- Douglas VC-118 "Independence" at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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Note: This aircraft is located in the Presidential Gallery on a controlled-access portion of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Click here for requirements to visit this gallery.

The VC-118 was a military variation of the Douglas DC-6 commercial airliner. In 1947 USAAF officials ordered the 29th production DC-6 to be modified as a replacement for the aging VC-54C Sacred Cow presidential aircraft. It differs from the standard DC-6 configuration in that the aft fuselage was converted into a stateroom; the main cabin seated 24 passengers or could be made up into 12 "sleeper" berths. The VC-118 was formally commissioned into the AAF on July 4, 1947, and was nicknamed Independence for the President Harry Truman's hometown in Missouri. Probably the plane's most historic flight occurred when it carried President Truman to Wake Island in October 1950 to discuss the Korean situation with Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

Beginning in 1951, the USAF purchased 165 C-118A "Liftmasters" that were about six feet longer than the Independence. C-118As played a key role in "Operation Safe Haven" when 14,000 Hungarian refugees were airlifted to the United States in 1956-1957.

In May 1953, after nearly six years of White House service, the Independence was retired as a presidential aircraft and subsequently served several Air Force organizations as a VIP transport.

The aircraft was retired for display at the museum in 1965. In 1977-1978 museum personnel restored Independence to its former presidential markings and eagle-like paint scheme.

SPECIFICATIONS:
Span:
117 ft. 6 in.
Length: 100 ft. 7 in.
Height: 28 ft. 5 in.
Weight: 93,200 lbs. maximum
Armament: None
Engines: Four Pratt & Whitney R-2800s of 2,400 hp each (with water injection)
Cost: $1,180,000
Serial number: 46-505

PERFORMANCE:
Maximum speed: 360 mph
Cruising speed: 320 mph
Range: 4,400 miles
Service ceiling: 31,200 ft.

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Related Fact Sheets
Douglas VC-54C Sacred Cow
Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Engine
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