Note: This aircraft is located in the Research & Development Gallery on a controlled-access portion of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The gallery will close until further notice beginning May 1, 2013, as part of budget reduction requirements due to sequestration.
The XF-91, a high-speed experimental interceptor, was America's first rocket-powered combat-type fighter to fly faster than the speed of sound. The airplane had a number of unusual design features -- an inverse taper wing (wider at the tips than at the roots), a variable incidence wing that could be varied in flight (high angle of attack for takeoff and landing and low angle of attack for high-speed flight), a main landing gear that retracted outward with the tandem wheels being housed in the wing tips and a rocket engine that augmented the standard jet engine to provide an outstanding rate of climb.
The airplane made its first flight on May 9, 1949. Numerous other test flights were made, providing valuable research data, but the airplane was not put into production because it did not carry sufficient fuel for a flight of longer than 25 minutes and did not incorporate the latest type of fire control system.
The XF-91 on display was transferred to the museum from Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., in May 1955.
SPECIFICATIONS: Span: 31 ft. 3 in. Length: 43 ft. 3 in. Height: 18 ft. 1 in. Weight: 28,300 lbs. loaded Armament: Four 20mm cannons Engine: General Electric J47 of 6,700 lbs. thrust with afterburner and Reaction Motors rocket of 6,000 lbs. thrust. Cost: $5,000,000 Serial number: 46-880
PERFORMANCE: Maximum speed: 984 mph Cruising speed: 560 mph Endurance: 25 minutes Service ceiling: 48,700 ft.