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Home > Fact Sheets > Santa Claus Sleigh - S.C. Mk II


Posted 12/23/2008 Printable Fact Sheet
S.C. MkII Sleigh
Artist's conception of the secret S.C. MkII Sleigh.
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Aircraft of the Week - Special Edition

The Santa Claus sleigh was the first known aircraft to utilize multiple hoofed animals to propel itself through the air. This sleigh was designed, built and flown by pioneer aviator and generous elf, Mr. Santa Claus of Peoria, Illinois, who had a life long wish to deliver gifts to all the children in the world. The pre-production aircraft flew several successful flights in 1903 until the tenth mission when the sleigh stalled and crashed, sending the rotund pilot into a pile of hay. The propulsion units (62 very perturbed French hens) escaped injury. Post flight analysis indicated the vehicle was underpowered and a search for an alternate form of propulsion was begun.

Santa also began to look for a larger area where he could perform his flight tests safely. He found an ideal area in North Carolina, only to learn it was already being used by two brothers from Ohio. Undaunted, Santa turned to the snow covered expanse at the North Pole. Once settled in, Santa met eight friendly flying reindeer at the local coffee shop. Interested in obtaining meaningful employment (their skywriting company had just gone bankrupt), the reindeer volunteered as propulsion units for the upcoming flight tests.

Flights with the reindeer at the North Pole were satisfactory but the sleigh still proved to be somewhat underpowered, especially when loaded with a bag full of toys. One Christmas Eve an improved model, the S.C. Sleigh Mk II, was developed with the addition of one more flying reindeer who by chance, also had a very shiny nose. The new reindeer gave the sleigh all-weather capability in addition to improved flight performance, allowing delivery of toys even during foggy Christmas Eves.

Santa Claus's sleigh remains in service and flies one mission each year on Christmas Eve. Santa has promised to donate the sleigh to the museum after the Mk III version (essentially a Mk II with anti-skid skids) has completed its flight tests.


Span: 6 ft. with Santa's arms outstretched during flight (which he tends to do when showing off to the other elves)
Length: Sleigh only - 7 ft.; sleigh with nine flying reindeer - 40 ft.
Height: 4 ft. 10 in. (including the skids, but not counting Santa or his pointy hat)
Weight: Empty - 300 lbs. (sleigh only) ; maximum load with toys for all the girls and boys - 2,546,879 lbs.
Armament: 9 pairs of antlers, optional coal for particular stockings
Engine: Nine flying reindeer [Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donder (a.k.a. Donner), Blitzen, and Rudolph (the one with the shiny nose)]
Cost: Paid for with private funds and in the true spirit of giving

Dash away speed: The blink of an eye
Cruising speed: Fast enough to visit all the homes in the world on Christmas Eve (but not so fast that Santa's hat flies off)
Range: Reindeer - frequent stops for sugar and oats as required; Santa - very frequent stops made for cookies and milk set out by grateful (and hopeful) children
Service ceiling: Up near the moon
Crew: One jolly old elf

The North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) tracks Santa's progress beginning on Christmas Eve.

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