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Posted 1/8/2009 Printable Fact Sheet
Reaction Motors XLR11
DAYTON, Ohio -- Reaction Motors XLR11 rocket engine at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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The XLR11 was the first liquid-fuel rocket engine developed in the United States for use on airplanes. Designed and built by Reaction Motors, the engine used ethyl alcohol and liquid oxygen as propellants to generate a maximum thrust of 6,000 pounds. Thrust could be varied by operating the XLR11's four combustion chambers individually or in combination.

The engine was first used in the Bell X-1. On Oct. 14, 1947, it became the first airplane in history to fly faster than the speed of sound. The XLR11 also was used in the X-1A and X-1B and in the Republic XF-91. In 1959 and 1960, while development of a more powerful engine was still underway, a pair of XLR11s were used as an interim power plant for the initial flights of the X-15 research aircraft. After 24 powered flights, the XLR11 engines were replaced by the new XLR99 engine in November 1960.

Model: XLR-11-RM-5
Chamber arrangement: Four chambers
Maximum thrust: 6,000 lbs.
Weight: 210 lbs.

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