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Lockheed P-80R

On June 19, 1947, at Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base), Calif., Col. Albert Boyd flew this P-80R to a new world's speed record of 623.753 mph, returning the record to the United States after nearly 24 years.

The Army Air Force's quest to capture the world's speed record -- then held by a British Gloster Meteor -- after World War II led to the creation of the specialized P-80R. A high-speed variant of the standard P-80A Shooting Star, it had a smaller canopy, redesigned air intakes and a shorter wing with an extended leading edge. In addition, the engine was modified, armament removed and replaced by a fuel tank, and all drag-producing openings sealed.

The P-80R on display is the only one built. It was shipped to the museum from Griffiss Air Force Base, New York, in October 1954.

Engine: Modified Allison J33-A-21 of 5,079 lbs. thrust (with alcohol-water injection)
Maximum speed: 623.753 mph
Range: 1,045 miles
Service ceiling: 45,000 feet
Weight: 12,054 lbs. maximum

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