HomeVisitMuseum ExhibitsFact SheetsDisplay

Lockheed C-130E Hercules

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, addresses the audience after the C-130E made its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Col. Minihan piloted the aircraft on its final flight. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, addresses the audience after the C-130E made its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Col. Minihan piloted the aircraft on its final flight. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Lt. Gen. (Ret.) John L. "Jack" Hudson, director of the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, addresses the audience after the C-130E made its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Ceremony speakers included (from left to right) Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing; Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War; Col. (Ret.) James Grant, vice president of Air Mobility and Special Operations Programs for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co.; and Col. (Ret.) Pete Gavares, vice president of USAF Programs for Rolls-Royce North America, Inc. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Lt. Gen. (Ret.) John L. "Jack" Hudson, director of the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, addresses the audience after the C-130E made its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Ceremony speakers included (from left to right) Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing; Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War; Col. (Ret.) James Grant, vice president of Air Mobility and Special Operations Programs for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co.; and Col. (Ret.) Pete Gavares, vice president of USAF Programs for Rolls-Royce North America, Inc. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 made its final flight to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force on Aug. 18, 2011. Here, Col. Michael A. Minihan (right), commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, talks about the C-130E with Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 made its final flight to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force on Aug. 18, 2011. Here, Col. Michael A. Minihan (right), commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, talks about the C-130E with Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 made its final flight to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force on Aug. 18, 2011. Here, Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, shakes hands with Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 10 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 made its final flight to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force on Aug. 18, 2011. Here, Col. Michael A. Minihan, commander of the 19th Airlift Wing, shakes hands with Col. (Ret.) William Caldwell, who received the Air Force Cross while piloting the aircraft during the Southeast Asia War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jeff Fisher)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 11 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 arrives at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force after its final flight on Aug. 18, 2011. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Michelle Gigante)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 12 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 13 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- The C-130E SPARE 617 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Not only is this C-130E (S/N 62-1787) representative of all C-130 transport aircraft, it also performed courageous work during the Southeast Asia War. Two members of its crew – Capt. William Caldwell, pilot, and Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub, loadmaster – were awarded Air Force Crosses, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor, for their heroic actions during the siege of An Loc in 1972. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Museum Restoration crews move the C-130E SPARE 617 into the new fourth building at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 14 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- Museum Restoration crews move the C-130E SPARE 617 into the new fourth building at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- The Lockheed C-130E SPARE 617 on display in the Global Reach Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 15 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- The Lockheed C-130E SPARE 617 on display in the Global Reach Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 16 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 17 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 18 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 19 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 20 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 21 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 22 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 23 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 24 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 25 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 interior at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 26 of 26

DAYTON, Ohio -- C-130E SPARE 617 interior at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

Note: Visitors are permitted to walk in this aircraft.


Introduced in August 1962, the C-130E conducted critical USAF military missions during the Southeast Asia War through Afghanistan and Iraq. It has also supported countless USAF humanitarian efforts around the globe and in all climates.

 

Originally designed by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin) as an assault transport able to operate from unpaved airstrips, the C-130 Hercules made its first flight in August 1954. Over the next half century, the US Air Force used various versions of this versatile aircraft for aeromedical evacuation, mid-air refueling of helicopters, mid-air space capsule recovery, search and rescue, reconnaissance, as a gunship, and for many other missions.

 

The C-130E (serial number 62-1787) on display had a long career, including a mission in the Southeast Asia War that earned two Airmen the Air Force Cross. This aircraft was flown to the museum in August 2011.

 

Spare 617

This C-130E aircraft (serial number 62-1787) participated in one of the greatest feats of airmanship during the Southeast Asia War on April 15, 1972.  Operating under the call sign Spare 617, the aircrew consisting of Capt. William Caldwell, pilot; Lt. John Hering, copilot; Lt. Richard A. Lenz, navigator; Tech. Sgt. Jon Sanders, flight engineer; and loadmasters Tech. Sgt. Charlie Shaub and Airman 1st Class Dave McAleece attempted to airdrop ammunition to surrounded South Vietnamese troops at An Loc.

 

While approaching the drop zone, Spare 617 received heavy enemy ground fire that killed Sanders and wounded Hering and Lenz, damaged two engines, ruptured a bleed air duct in the cargo compartment, and set the ammunition on fire. Shaub jettisoned the cargo pallets, which exploded in midair. Despite receiving severe burns from the hot air escaping the damaged air bleed duct, Shaub extinguished a fire in the cargo compartment. Meanwhile, Caldwell decided to head for Tan Son Nhut Air Base, which had the best medical facilities. Even though his engineer was dead and his co-pilot wounded, Caldwell closed the damaged bleed air duct, and he shut down the two damaged engines.

 

As Caldwell prepared to land with just two engines, the landing gear would not come down, and the wounded and badly burned Shaub directed McAleece as he hand-cranked the landing gear down using the emergency extension system. Even though a third engine lost power, Caldwell managed to land Spare 617 safely. For their efforts, Caldwell and Shaub received the Air Force Cross, the U.S. Air Force’s second highest award for valor. Shaub also received the William H. Pitsenbarger award for heroism from the Air Force Sergeants Association.

 

TECHNICAL NOTES:

Crew: Five (two pilots, navigator, flight engineer and loadmaster); for aeromedical evacuation a basic crew of five (two flight nurses and three medical technicians) is added

Engines: Four Allison T56-A-7 turboprops of 4,200 hp each

Maximum load: Six pallets or 74 litters or 16 container delivery system bundles or 92 combat troops or 64 paratroopers, or any combination of these up to 42,000 lbs.

Click here to return to the Global Reach Gallery.

 

Find Out More
Line
Related Fact Sheets
Lockheed AC-130A Hercules
Lockheed AC-130A Spectre
Line
Cockpit360 Images
View the C-130E Pilot Station
View the C-130E Copilot Station
View the C-130E Flight Deck Overview
View the C-130E Forward Cargo Area
View the C-130E Aft Cargo Area
Line
Air Force Museum Foundation
See the C-130 in Fighter Pilot: Operation Red Flag at the Air Force Museum Theatre
Line
Note: The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the National Museum of the USAF, the U.S. Air Force, or the Department of Defense, of the external website, or the information, products or services contained therein.

Featured Links

Plan Your Visit
E-newsletter Sign-up
Explore Museum Exhibits
Browse Photos
Visit Press Room
Become a Volunteer
Air Force Museum Foundation