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Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

Cockpit view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Cockpit view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The Mark XI was essentially a Mark IX Spitfire interceptor modified for photographic reconnaissance with cameras, a more powerful engine and a larger oil tank in the nose. All guns and armor were removed and the fuel capacity was greatly increased; speed was the unarmed Mark XI's defense. A total of 471 Mark XIs were built between April 1943 and January 1946. Great Britain and its allies flew various photo-reconnaissance versions of the Spitfire with great success in all theaters during World War II. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 10 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 11 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 12 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 13 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 14 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 15 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 16 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 17 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 18 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 19 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 20 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 21 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery.
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 22 of 28

Interior view of the Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force World War II Gallery. The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ty Greenlees)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 23 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 24 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 25 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 26 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI cockpit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 27 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI cockpit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI cockpit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)
PHOTO DETAILS  /   DOWNLOAD HI-RES 28 of 28

DAYTON, Ohio -- Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI cockpit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

The Mark XI was essentially a Mark IX Spitfire interceptor modified for photographic reconnaissance with cameras, a more powerful engine and a larger oil tank in the nose. All guns and armor were removed and the fuel capacity was greatly increased; speed was the unarmed Mark XI's defense. A total of 471 Mark XIs were built between April 1943 and January 1946. Great Britain and its allies flew various photo-reconnaissance versions of the Spitfire with great success in all theaters during World War II. 

A total of 20,351 Spitfires of all types were eventually built, plus 2,408 Seafires modified to operate from aircraft carriers.

The U.S. Army Air Forces' 14th Photographic Squadron of the 8th Air Force operated Spitfire Mark XIs from November 1943 to April 1945, flying hazardous long-range reconnaissance missions over mainland Europe. Placed on display in 1993, this aircraft is painted as a 14th Photographic Squadron Mark XI at Mount Farm airfield in England. 

TECHNICAL NOTES:
Engine: Rolls-Royce Merlin 61, 63 or 70 of 1,655 hp
Maximum speed: 422 mph
Cruising speed: 369 mph
Range: 1,360 miles
Ceiling: 40,000 ft.
Span: 36 ft. 10 in.
Length: 30 ft.
Height: 12 ft. 7 in.
Weight: 8,040 lbs. loaded


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