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Stearman PT-13D Kaydet

DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Don Popp)

DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Don Popp)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jim Copes)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Jim Copes)

DAYTON, Ohio (06/2013) -- The PT-13D in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force Photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (06/2013) -- The PT-13D in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force Photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Brian Lindamood (left) and Casey Simmons lift one of the wings from the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Brian Lindamood (left) and Casey Simmons lift one of the wings from the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood works on the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood works on the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet is undergoing restoration. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio (08/2013) -- The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet is undergoing restoration. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Nick Almeter and Casey Simmons examine blue prints for the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet.  Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Nick Almeter and Casey Simmons examine blue prints for the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Nick Almeter and Casey Simmons apply aircraft dope which is a plasticized lacquer used to tighten and stiffen the fabric that is stretched over the airframe.  This procedure helps to weatherproof the aircraft and make the cotton airtight. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialists Nick Almeter and Casey Simmons apply aircraft dope which is a plasticized lacquer used to tighten and stiffen the fabric that is stretched over the airframe. This procedure helps to weatherproof the aircraft and make the cotton airtight. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON,Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood applies aluminized cellulose nitrate dope to a the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. This paint serves as a UV protectant which keeps the fabric from deteriorating.  Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON,Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood applies aluminized cellulose nitrate dope to a the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. This paint serves as a UV protectant which keeps the fabric from deteriorating. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood applies aluminized cellulose nitrate dope to a the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. This paint serves as a UV protectant which keeps the fabric from deteriorating. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force restoration specialist Brian Lindamood applies aluminized cellulose nitrate dope to a the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. This paint serves as a UV protectant which keeps the fabric from deteriorating. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio (06/2014) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force Restoration Specialists assemble the tail section of the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio (06/2014) -- National Museum of the U.S. Air Force Restoration Specialists assemble the tail section of the Stearman PT-13D Kaydet. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio --The Stearman PT-13D Kaydet in the Restoration Hangar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Plans call for the aircraft to be part of an expanded Tuskegee Airman exhibit in the World War II Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

The leather trim around the PT-13's cockpit was sewn in place by museum restoration specialists. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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The leather trim around the PT-13's cockpit was sewn in place by museum restoration specialists. (U.S. Air Force photo)

The existing metal propeller on the PT-13D was replaced with a historically-correct wooden one from the museum’s collection. It was delaminating so it also had to be restored. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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The existing metal propeller on the PT-13D was replaced with a historically-correct wooden one from the museum’s collection. It was delaminating so it also had to be restored. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)
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DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Don Popp)
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DAYTON, Ohio -- Stearman PT-13D Kaydet cockpit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Don Popp)

The Kaydet was a primary trainer -- the first airplane a cadet would fly. Even more importantly, this was the aircraft they would solo in before receiving their pilot wings. (U.S. Air Force photo)
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The Kaydet was a primary trainer -- the first airplane a cadet would fly. Even more importantly, this was the aircraft they would solo in before receiving their pilot wings. (U.S. Air Force photo)

The United States and several Allied nations used the Kaydet as a standard primary trainer from the late 1930s to the end of World War II. Originally designed in 1933 by Lloyd Stearman for the civilian market, it received the designation PT-13 Kaydet when the U.S. Army Air Corps adopted it in 1936. Two years later, the Boeing Airplane Co. purchased the Stearman Co. and continued producing many versions of the Kaydet using different engines. Those aircraft with a Lycoming engine were designated the PT-13; with a Continental engine, the PT-17; and with a Jacobs engine, the PT-18. A later version with a cockpit canopy was designated the PT-27.

Well-liked by students who flew it, the Kaydet trained many thousands of pilots during WWII. Following the war, the U.S. Army Air Forces phased out Kaydets in favor of more modern trainers. Of the more than 10,000 Kaydets ordered for the United States and its allies, over 2,100 were PT-13s for the USAAF. The museum's PT-13D was donated in 1959 by Boeing, and it is painted as it looked leaving the assembly line.

TECHNICAL NOTES:
Engine:
Lycoming R-680 of 220 hp
Maximum speed: 125 mph
Range: 450 miles
Ceiling: 14,000 ft.
Weight: 2,717 lbs.


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Videos
PT-13D Timelapse (00:01:34)
Restoring a Stearman PT-13D Kaydet Aircraft (00:10:21)
PT-13D Restoration (00:04:22)
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