An official website of the United States government
Here's how you know
A .mil website belongs to an official U.S. Department of Defense organization in the United States.
A lock (lock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .mil website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

100th Anniversary Logo with the 100 in large letters and the museum logo
Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. seven days a week.
FREE Admission & Parking

Curtiss JN-4D Jenny

Note: This aircraft is currently in the museum's restoration hangar.

The Curtiss Jenny became America's most famous World War I training airplane. Generally used for primary flight training, some Jennies were equipped with machine guns and bomb racks for advanced training. 

The JN series began by combining the best features of the Curtiss "J" and "N" models. A 1915 version, the JN-3, supported Pershing's Punitive Expedition into Mexico in 1916, but the aircraft proved unsuitable for field operations. Curtiss improved the JN-3 and redesignated in the JN-4.

With America's entry into WWI on April 6, 1917, the Signal Corps ordered large quantities of JN-4s, and by the time production was terminated after the Armistice, more than 6,000 had been delivered, the majority of them JN-4Ds. 

After WWI, the Army sold hundreds of surplus JN-4s to civilians. The airplane soon became the mainstay of the "barnstormers" of the 1920s, and many Jennies continued flying into the 1930s.

The JN-4D on display was obtained from Robert Pfeil of Taylor, Texas, in 1956.

Engine: Curtiss OX-5 of 90 hp
Maximum speed: 75 mph
Ceiling: 11,000 ft.
Span: 43 ft. 7 in.
Length: 27 ft. 4 in.
Height: 9 ft. 10 in.
Weight: 1,430 lbs.

Click here to return to the Early Years Gallery.

Find Out More
Related Fact Sheets
Curtiss OX-5 Engine
Curtiss JN-4D Jenny Lowered from Hanging Position