Creation of the Aeronautical Division On Aug. 1, 1907, at the recommendation of Maj. George O. Squier, Brig. Gen. James Allen, Chief Signal Officer (1906-1913) of the U.S. Army, established the Aeronautical Division under his office, placing Capt. Charles D. Chandler in command. He tasked this embryonic organization with "all matters pertaining to military ballooning, air machines and kindred subjects." The Aeronautical Division became the first organization to which today's U.S. Air Force can trace an unbroken lineage. Click here to return to the Early Years Gallery.