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Hunting JP233 Anti-Runway Weapon

DAYTON, Ohio - The JP233 on display underneath the Panavia Tornado GR1 in the Cold War Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

DAYTON, Ohio - The JP233 on display underneath the Panavia Tornado GR1 in the Cold War Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo)

The JP233 was conceived in the late 1970s by Hunting Engineering Limited in the United Kingdom to prevent an enemy from using an airfield. Used at low altitude by Panavia Tornado GR1 aircraft, the JP233 carried 30 57-pound runway-cratering submunitions in the rear section and 215 5.5-pound anti-personnel mines in the front. The submunitions prevented an airfield from being used by aircraft, and the antipersonnel mines prevented repair crews from fixing the damage. 

At the start of OPERATION DESERT STORM (called OPERATION GRANBY by the British), Royal Air Force (RAF) Tornados attacked Iraqi air bases at low level with 106 JP233 anti-runway weapons and supressed enemy air defenses. With the increasing availability of standoff weapons capable of performing the same mission with little risk to the aircrew and aircraft, the RAF removed the JP233 from service.

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Mask Policy:
In accordance with the updated guidance released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Department of Defense (DoD) and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force will require all visitors to wear face masks indoors effective July 30, 2021 until further notice.

Visitors ages three and up will be required to wear masks while indoors at the museum. This policy applies to all visitors, staff and volunteers regardless of vaccination status. Visitors may wear their own masks or a free paper mask will be provided. Cloth masks will also be available for purchase in the Museum Store.
Additional information available here.

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