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Charles E. Taylor (1868-1956): The First Aviation Mechanic

DAYTON, Ohio - A bronze bust honoring the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor, is now on permanent display in the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force's Early Years Gallery. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio - A bronze bust honoring the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor, is now on permanent display in the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force's Early Years Gallery. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

Dayton, Ohio - A bronze bust honoring the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor, is now on permanent display in the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force's Early Years Gallery. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

Dayton, Ohio - A bronze bust honoring the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor, is now on permanent display in the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force's Early Years Gallery. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio - Charles Taylor II, great-grandson of Charles E. Taylor, poses next to a bronze bust honoring his grandfather at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Known as the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor designed and built the engine that made the Wright brothers' pioneering powered flights possible. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

DAYTON, Ohio - Charles Taylor II, great-grandson of Charles E. Taylor, poses next to a bronze bust honoring his grandfather at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. Known as the first aviation mechanic, Charles E. Taylor designed and built the engine that made the Wright brothers' pioneering powered flights possible. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

Charlie Taylor was a brilliant, self-taught mechanic who made a crucial contribution to the Wright brothers' invention of the airplane. When a suitable engine was not available for the first flight, he designed and built the first successful airplane engine in only six weeks. This made the Wright brothers' pioneering powered flights possible.

Taylor began working in the Wrights' bicycle business in 1896, and he played an important role in their flying experiments for several years. He also served as chief mechanic for the first transcontinental flight, from New York to California, achieved in 1911 by Cal Rodgers. Charlie Taylor's birthday, May 24, is celebrated as Aviation Maintenance Technician Day.

Click here to return to the Early Years Gallery.


Mask Policy:
In accordance with the updated guidance released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Department of Defense (DoD) and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force will require all visitors to wear face masks indoors effective July 30, 2021 until further notice.

Visitors ages three and up will be required to wear masks while indoors at the museum. This policy applies to all visitors, staff and volunteers regardless of vaccination status. Visitors may wear their own masks or a free paper mask will be provided. Cloth masks will also be available for purchase in the Museum Store.
Additional information available here.

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