During the frequently cloudy conditions over Europe, USAAF bombers could not bomb visually. In these conditions, USAAF heavy bombers used a radar system called H2X and code-named “Mickey.”
(Additional pictures coming soon)
Mickey-equipped “pathfinder” aircraft gave formations the signal to bomb. On B-24 pathfinders, the H2X radome replaced the ball turret.
B-17 pathfinder Mickey station—the circular scope in the middle is the display screen. H2X was developed from the RAF’s night bombing system and first used by the USAAF in early 1944.
H2X screen showing the Dutch coast southwest of Rotterdam—land is indicated by white. Although Mickey was not as accurate as visual bombing, it permitted strategic attacks to continue in spite of bad weather.
Related Fact Sheets
The Memphis Belle: American Icon and 25th Mission
Crippling the Nazi War Machine: USAAF Strategic Bombing in Europe
Return to the B-17F Memphis Belle Fact Sheet
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