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  • B-26 Invader in Korea

    "Dear Sis ... The Commies have .50 caliber machine guns, 20 mm, 40 mm, 85 mm, and 105 mm anti-aircraft guns and some son-of-a-b**** with a rifle shot us down ... I don't reckon you need to tell mom about my hairy story."- Letter written home by Lt. Charles Hinton on Jan. 8, 1952The World War II-era B-26 Invader was the Air Force's light bomber
  • Bomber Crewman

    Communist anti-aircraft guns sometimes forced B-29 crews to altitudes above 20,000 feet. At this height, the temperature dropped to well below zero degrees Fahrenheit and crews needed warm clothing for protection. Many wore the same flight clothing that their counterparts did in World War II. Some also added their own unofficial flight caps, like
  • Browning M3 Machine Gun

    Bore: .50-cal. (12.7mm)Muzzle velocity: 2,870 feet per secondRate of fire: 1,250 rounds per minuteBullet weight: 1.7 oz. (49 grams)Gun weight: 65 lbs.Click here to return to the Korean War Gallery.
  • B-29 Walk-through Fuselage

    Note: Visitors are permitted to walk through this aircraft.Command Decision was a 28th Bomb Squadron, 19th Bomb Group B-29 that became famous for shooting down five MiG-15s, unofficially making it a bomber "ace." It was named after a popular 1948 film about the difficult decisions and heavy casualties of bomber operations over Europe in World War
  • Bombing as a Manpower Problem

    The Norden bombsight served as the U.S. Army Air Forces' primary high-altitude visual bombsight during World War II. In 1939 a journalist exaggerated its accuracy with the claim that it could "drop a bomb in a pickle barrel from 18,000 feet." The claim was exaggerated, but unprecedented accuracy was vital for the success of the Army Air Forces
  • Bombing as a Technical Problem

    For the USAAF's doctrine of daylight precision bombing to succeed, a bombsight had to solve three technical problems. First, a bombardier had to use a complex formula that accounted for true air speed, gravity, air resistance and wind. Since making all these computations in combat would be almost impossible, the AAF needed a bombsight that could
  • Bombing as a Mathematical Problem

    Until it is released, a bomb travels through the air with the same forward velocity as the airplane, and this velocity relative to the air is called true air speed. The instant the bomb is released, four factors act on it: 1) true air speed; 2) gravity; 3) air resistance; and 4) wind. Calculating their combined effect on a bomb can be a rather
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Early on Dec. 16, 1944, the Germans began their large-scale counteroffensive in the Ardennes. During the first seven days, fog, clouds and snow seriously limited Allied air power, and by Dec. 24 the Germans had penetrated 50 miles westward. The weather let up and both Allied and German air power took to the air to assist their respective ground
  • Battle at Arnhem

    With their troops on the borders of Germany and Holland by late summer, the Allies decided to attempt a breakthrough in southeastern Holland toward the Ruhr, Germany's industrial center. On Sept.17, a massive fleet of airplanes and gliders staged an aerial invasion behind German lines, with U.S., British and Polish parachutists and glider troops
  • Battle of the Bulge

    On Dec. 16, 1944, the German army launched a large-scale surprise attack against a quiet and thinly-manned sector in the Ardennes Forest. Poor weather kept tactical air power grounded, and the situation became desperate. When the weather finally started improving on Dec. 23, however, 9th Air Force bombers and fighter-bombers began flying again,
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