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  • Coal: Berlin's Key to Survival

    The single most critical necessity for Berlin to survive was fuel. Coal became the major cargo of U.S. Air Force C-54s and ultimately made up 65 percent of the total tonnage flown into Berlin. Coal was dirty, dusty and heavy, all of which created major problems for both aircraft and crew. Coal dust seeped into every part of the aircraft, causing
  • Coal, Candy Bars and Clarence the Camel: The Cargo

    The Berlin Airlift carried a total of 2,325,510 tons of cargo into Berlin with coal representing approximately 1,500,000 tons, followed by more than 500,000 tons of food. The rest of the tonnage was miscellaneous cargo that included dismantled steam rollers and electrical power plant machinery, as well as all the daily needs -- from soap to medical
  • Cold War Gallery Overview

    The Cold War dominated the second half of the 20th century. This confrontation grew out of the clash between the ideologies of the Western democracies led by the United States -- and the communist nations led by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The ever-present threat of nuclear weapons made this period the most dangerous one in
  • Cessna U-3A

    Popularly known in the U.S. Air Force as the "Blue Canoe," the U-3 is the military version of the Cessna 310 twin-engine transport. The prototype made its first flight on Jan. 3, 1953, and production for the civilian market began in 1954. In 1957 the USAF selected the aircraft for service as a light administrative liaison, cargo and utility
  • Cessna T-41A Mescalero

    The T-41 trainer was a standard Cessna Model 172 light general aviation aircraft purchased "off-the-shelf" by the U.S. Air Force for preliminary flight screening of Air Force pilot candidates. The USAF ordered 170 T-41As in 1964, and an additional 34 in 1967. Most went into service at various civilian contract flight schools, each located near one
  • Cessna T-37B Tweet

    The T-37 is a twin-engine primary trainer used for teaching the fundamentals of jet aircraft operation and for flying on instruments, in formation and at night. Affectionately known as the "Tweety Bird," it was the first U.S. Air Force jet designed from conception as a trainer. Its flying characteristics helped student pilots prepare to transition
  • Convair F-106A Delta Dart

    The F-106 all-weather interceptor was developed from the Convair F-102 Delta Dagger. Originally designated F-102B, it was redesignated F-106 because it had extensive structural changes and a more powerful engine. The first F-106A flew on December 26, 1956, and deliveries to the Air Force began in July 1959. Production ended in late 1960 after 277
  • Convair F-102A Delta Dagger

    The primary mission of the F-102 was to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft. It was the world's first supersonic all-weather jet interceptor and the USAF's first operational delta-wing aircraft. The F-102 made its initial flight on Oct. 24, 1953, and became operational with the Air Defense Command in 1956. At the peak of deployment in the late
  • Cessna LC-126

    Needing a rugged aircraft with excellent performance for Arctic rescue service, the U.S. Air Force acquired 15 Cessna Model 195 aircraft in 1949. Designated the LC-126, these light utility transport aircraft were identical to the Model 195 except for the paint scheme, interior fittings, emergency escape hatch and radio equipment. Delivered in
  • Convair B-36J Peacemaker

    Responding to the U.S. Army Air Forces' requirement for a strategic bomber with intercontinental range, Consolidated Vultee (later Convair) designed the B-36 during World War II. The airplane made its maiden flight in August 1946, and in June 1948 the Strategic Air Command received its first operational B-36.  Some B-36s served as photographic
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