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  • Emergency Rocket Communications System

    As the threat of Soviet nuclear weapons grew in the 1960s, the U.S. Air Force needed a way to ensure that its strategic forces could be controlled after a Soviet attack. The Emergency Rocket Communications System (ERCS) made sure that national and military leaders could send pre-recorded attack orders to Strategic Air Command bombers and missiles
  • Earth Satellites and Space Vehicles

    The Soviet Union sent the world's first man-made earth satellite into orbit in October 1957. Since that time orbiting satellites of many different kinds have become commonplace. The development of U.S. space technology began with the military, with heavy involvement by the USAF. In the mid-1950s, the Air Force, the Army and the Navy were working on
  • EROS Reflector

    The USAF's Project EROS (Experimental Reflector Orbital Shot) was the first USAF solar reflector experiment in space. Its purpose was to find out if reflectors could be used for collecting and concentrating the sun's heat to generate electricity in space solar power systems. The USAF completed the first orbital tests in 1963.The Fresnel type
  • Early USAF Reconnaissance in Southeast Asia

    The first USAF missions in the Southeast Asia War were reconnaissance flights. These top-secret flights confirmed communist activity in South Vietnam and Laos and led to greater U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia.A camera-equipped C-47 flew the first missions until it was shot down by anti-aircraft fire in March 1961 (killing all but one aboard).
  • Eyes and Ears in the Sky: USAF Reconnaissance in Southeast Asia

    Knowing an enemy's location, activities, intentions and resources has always been important for successful military operations. In the Southeast Asia War, the U.S. Air Force kept a close watch on the enemy and provided critical intelligence through aerial photography and intercepting enemy signals. The USAF also operated a wide variety of
  • Early Years, 1961-1964

    At first, the U.S. Air Force trained and equipped the South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) with slow, propeller-driven combat aircraft. Flying O-1 Bird Dogs, forward air controllers (FACs) directed airstrikes by T-28s, B-26s and later A-1 Skyraiders.Growing American military involvement increased the number of South Vietnamese, USAF, U.S. Navy and
  • Evolution of USAF Flight Clothing

    Note: This exhibit is located in the connecting link between the World War II and Korean War Galleries.Through the years, advances in aircraft performance have increased the need for improved aircrew protection from the weather, a lack of oxygen, intense heat or cold, or even violent maneuvers in combat. Also, flying clothing must be flexible
  • Eugene W. Kettering Model Aircraft Collection

    In 1930, Eugene W. Kettering joined General Motors as a research engineer, and he became a leading figure in the in the evolution of the modern diesel locomotive. After nearly 30 years with General Motors, Eugene Kettering retired and he and his wife, Virginia, devoted their energies to a wide range of philanthropic activities. When the Air Force
  • Evolution of the Air Force Song

    Note: This exhibit is located in the hallway between the Early Years and World War II Galleries.In 1938 Liberty magazine sponsored a contest for a spirited, enduring musical composition to become the official Army Air Corps song. Of 757 scores submitted, one written by Mr. Robert Crawford was selected by a committee of Air Corps wives. The song was
  • Enlisted Heritage Uniforms

    Note: This exhibit is located at the end of the Gift Shop.(as shown in the photo from left to right)Enlisted Mechanic - World War I (1918)The fledgling U.S. Army Air Service required enlisted mechanics to keep the planes flying. Aerial Gunner - World War II (1943)Thousands of enlisted gunners, like this B-25 gunner from the Pacific Theater of
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