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  • Republic/Ford JB-2 Loon (V-1 Buzz Bomb)

    The JB-2 was a U.S.-made copy of the famous German V-1 surface-to-surface, pilotless flying bomb first used against England in June 1944. The Republic Aviation Corp. built the airframe for the JB-2 from drawings prepared at Wright Field, using dimensions taken from the remains of several V-1s brought from Germany. The Ford Motor Co. built the
  • Rheinmetall MK 108 30mm Cannon

    Displayed at the museum is the 30mm MK 108, which was a belt-fed, low velocity cannon with electric ignition. In addition to the two 13mm MG 131 machine guns mounted above the engine, the Bf 109G-10 carried either a 20mm MG 151 or a 30mm MK 108 cannon that fired through the propeller hub. Although the MK 108 had a relatively slow rate of fire, it
  • Ryan PT-22 Recruit

    Primary trainers represented the first of three stages of military flight training -- primary, basic and advanced. Prior to 1939, the Air Corps relied entirely on biplanes as primary trainers, but in 1940 it ordered a small number of Ryan civilian trainers and designated them as PT-16s. They were so successful that the Air Corps then ordered large
  • Radioplane OQ-2A

    In the mid-1930s, radio-controlled model airplanes became the basis for the U.S. Army Air Corps' development of the aerial targets for antiaircraft gunnery training. Starting in 1935, the Radioplane Co. in California developed several variations of an original design by former movie star and modeler Reginald Denny. The successful OQ-2A generated
  • Republic P-47D (Razorback Version)

    The P-47 was one of the most famous U.S. Army Air Forces fighter planes in World War II. Although the P-47 was originally conceived as a lightweight interceptor, it became a heavy fighter-bomber -- the P-47's maximum weight was over 17,000 pounds, while the comparable P-51 Mustang's was about 12,000 pounds. The prototype made its first flight in
  • Republic P-47D (Bubble Canopy Version)

     Renowned for its ruggedness, firepower and speed, the massive Republic P-47 was one of the most famous and important USAAF fighters during World War II. Produced in larger numbers than any other U.S. fighter, the Thunderbolt -- affectionately nicknamed the "Jug" -- served as a bomber escort and as a very effective ground attack fighter. OriginThe
  • RAF Alert Shack

    The dispersal, or Royal Air Force alert shack, sat at the end of a runway and sheltered pilots standing alert waiting to defend the area from enemy attack. It was boring duty and one pilot claimed to have counted every board and nail in the flimsy building. Pulling alert was like an actor waiting to go on stage or a fireman waiting for the alarm
  • RAF Accumulator Trolley (Battery Start Cart)

    These trolleys were a common sight at airfields around Britain during World War II. Both the Royal Air Force and U.S. Army Air Forces made use of battery carts to provide additional starting power for the piston engines of their combat aircraft. This particular trolley is equipped with an attached fire extinguisher and is of a type used by the RAF
  • Rocket-Assist Takeoff

    On Aug. 12, 1941, the first Air Corps rocket-assist takeoff was made by a Wright Field test pilot, Capt. Homer Boushey, using a small civilian-type Ercoupe airplane. Subsequent refinements of this technique were made for assisting heavily-loaded airplanes in taking off from limited space. This technique is still used whenever needed.Click here to
  • Research & Development at McCook Field

    When the United States entered World War I, an urgent need developed for an active research and development program for military aviation. A site was selected at Dayton, Ohio, because of its location relative to America's industrial complex, and on Oct. 18, 1917, McCook Field was established. For the next 10 years, it served as the nerve center of
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