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  • Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard in SEA

    During the Southeast Asia War, the Air Force Reserve (AFRES) and Air National Guard (ANG) primarily remained a Cold War strategic reserve in case a wider war broke out. As such, it operated mostly outside the combat theater, helping fill the gaps left when active duty units deployed for combat.In 1968, President Lyndon Johnson -- who had previously
  • Airman 1st Class John L. Levitow

    Medal of Honor Mission over South Vietnam On the night of Feb. 24, 1969, Airman 1st Class John Levitow was the loadmaster aboard AC-47 "Spooky 71." The gunship was circling over the U.S. Army post at Long Binh, firing at nearby enemy troops and illuminating their positions with flares. An enemy mortar round hit the aircraft and exploded in the
  • AN/MRC-108 Communications System

    The commitment of American forces to combat in South Vietnam created an urgent need for radio communications between air and ground forces, which used different radios. In response, the U.S. Air Force Electronic Systems Division developed the AN/MRC-108 in 1965 for use by USAF personnel operating on the ground. Mounted on a Ford M151-A1 Jeep, this
  • AGM-78 Standard Antiradiation Missile

    Originally developed by the U.S. Navy, the Standard ARM possessed several improvements over the earlier Shrike. It could be launched from outside the range of the SA-2, with the missile guiding on the radar energy like the earlier Shrike (in fact, the first AGM-78s used Shrike seeker heads). The Standard had a memory chip that fixed on the radar's
  • AGM-45 Shrike Anti-Radar Missile

    Originally developed by the U.S. Navy from the Sparrow air-to-air missile, the anti-radar AGM-45 Shrike homed on and destroyed radar emitters. The Shrike gave Wild Weasel crews a limited standoff capability, and it remained an important anti-radar weapon until the end of the Southeast Asia War.Although much better than the unguided rockets
  • A Child's Prized Possession

    In 1939 the Nazis increased their persecution of the Jews in Germany, forcing many of them to leave the country. However, these Jews had trouble finding another nation that would accept them. The British government decided to allow Jewish children under the age of 17 to enter the country. A series of trains -- known as the Kindertransport --
  • A Liberator's Jacket

    A native of Dayton, Ohio, Sgt. Delbert Cooper served as a soldier with the U.S. Army's 14th Regiment, 71st Infantry Division in 1945. Cooper was among the first Americans to enter and liberate Gunskirchen Lager, which was part of the notorious Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Austria. His most vivid memory of that harrowing experience was
  • Army Air Forces Victims of the Holocaust

    "The Japanese should hang -- not shoot -- every American terror pilot (Terrorflieger) then the Americans would think it over before making such attacks."- Advice given by Adolf Hitler on May 27, 1944, to the Japanese Ambassador on how to stop American air attacksAlmost 36,000 Army Air Forces (AAF) personnel were confined in prisoner of war (POW)
  • Airman 1st Class John L. Levitow

    Medal of Honor, 1969John Levitow, a loadmaster on an AC-47, acted quickly to save his aircraft after it was hit by enemy fire. Wounded, he threw himself upon a magnesium flare and tossed it out of the aircraft moments before it ignited. He is the lowest ranking airmen to receive our nation's highest recognition for bravery.Click here to return to
  • Airman 1st Class William H. Pitsenbarger

    Medal of Honor, 2000William Pitsenbarger, a pararescue jumper, acted with the highest level of courage and service to others during a rescue mission near Cam My, Republic of Vietnam. Near the evacuation site, the rescue helicopter was damaged. Electing to stay on the ground, Pitsenbarger was later killed while defending his wounded charges.Click
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